Goalkeepers injuries

 Goalkeepers injuries_0

Dealing with injuries

  • I’ll describe the different sorts of injuries that you may be unlucky enough to get as a goalkeeper.
  • Outline ways to help you prevent injuries.

Football is a high-energy, body-contact sport, so at some stage in your football career you will get an injury. Don’t let this put you off, though! The more informed you are about the different types of possible injuries and the ways to avoid and treat them, the more chance you have of getting through each season with fewer injury problems.

Statistics

A total of more than 3000 injuries are suffered each season by the 2500 or so professionals in the Premier League and Football League. Each injury keeps a player out of the game for an average of four matches.

 Goalkeepers injuries_1

Types of injury

There are two different types of sporting injury: chronic and acute. The causes for these make each type distinctive.

Chronic injuries

These are caused by continuous stress on a particular part of the body over a long period of time. Examples for other sports include tennis elbow or golfer’s elbow. There are fewer chronic injuries involved with football but if you overuse a particular part of the body for too long you may develop a chronic injury. A possible problem from running long distances in training is an injury called ‘shin splints’. Symptoms include:

  • tenderness on the inside of the shin;
  • lower leg pain;
  • possible swelling;
  • pain when the foot is bent downwards;
  • a slight redness to the shin.

If you suffer from this, the main thing to do is rest. You can apply ice in the early stages when it is very painful, but the sooner you rest the sooner it will heal. To prevent chronic injuries, train carefully, rest between training sessions, wear good footwear and improve your technique.

Acute injuries

These are caused by a sudden stress on the body and are more common than chronic injuries in football. They can include bone fractures, pulled muscles, concussion or bruising. It is useful to separate these types of injuries into soft-tissue and hard-tissue injuries.

 Goalkeepers injuries_2

Soft-tissue injuries (include)

-open injuries where the skin is broken, such as cuts, grazes and blisters;

-closed injuries that happen beneath the skin, including:

  • bruises — blood vessels are damaged;
  • strains — pulled muscles and tendons from torn tissue;
  • sprains — ligaments stretched or torn at a joint, such as an ankle;
  • dislocation — bone pulled out of its normal position at a joint, e.g. finger;
  • torn cartilage — damage to the cartilage around a joint such as the knee.

Statistics

The most common type of injury in football, by a long way, is muscle strain. This accounts for about one-third of all injuries.

Hard-tissue injuries

These injuries are bone fractures. They could be cracks in the bone, or an actual break. With a fractured bone there is likely to be bruising and swelling, as well as a great deal of pain because of the damaged nerves inside the bone.

Bibliography:

[] Broadbent, P., Allen, A., (2008), Master of the game – Goalkeeper, UK, Hodder Education

[] Gallucci, J. (junior), (2014), Soccer Injury Prevention and Treatment, New York, Demos Medical Publishing

 

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Pragul de viteza

Pragul de viteza_1

Dupa aplicarea metodelor standard, dezvoltarea vitezei atinge, deseori, o limita denumita prag de viteza. Dupa mai multi ani in care s-au folosit aceleasi metode de antrenament cu putine variatii si putina distractie, jucatorul poate atinge un nivel la care totul devine monoton si in consecinta, viteza nu se mai imbunatateste.

Pentru a trece peste acest prag de viteza, jucătorul are nevoie de noi stimulente. Noua stimulare trebuie sa rupa monotonia antrenamentului si folosirea metodelor standard. Noutatea la antrenamente este reprezentata de stimuli mai puternici si mai atragatori care pot avea ca rezultat beneficii fizice si psihice.

Printre cele mai eficiente metode de invingere a pragului vitezei sunt cele care ii pun pe jucatori sa efectueze antenamente de viteza in conditii de rezistenta scazuta, cum ar fi alergarea in panta coboratoare sau alergarea cu vantul sufland din spate. In aceste conditii noi, sistemul nervos central, coordonarea neuromusculara se vor adapta la noile cerinte de a efectua exercitiul cu o viteza crescuta. Repetitiile multiple cu stimuli noi vor crea adaptari noi si mai rapide, avand ca rezultat invingerea pragului de viteza. Antrenamentul de rezistenta scazuta a fost folosit pe scara larga de catre alergatorii de sprint din Germania de Rasarit si din Uniunea Sovietica. S-a raportat ca pista in coborare (2-3 grade) a crescut viteza atletului cu 17% pe portiunea coboratoare si cu 13% cand atletul a intrat pe portiunea de pista orizontala (seminar „Noutati despre antrenamentele de viteza”, Berlinul de Est, 1988).

Sprinterii din multe alte tari au folosit antrenamentul de rezistenta scazuta, cum este pista coboratoare. Totusi, inclinarea nu trebuie sa depaseasca vreodata 3 grade, pentru ca altfel se creste durata fazei de contact a piciorului si rezultatul nu este o crestere, ci o descrestere a vitezei maxime.

Cu cat un atlet alearga mai repede, cu atat faza de contact este mai scurta. De aceea, multi alergatori de viteza in mod permanent incearca sa mareasca puterea picioarelor, pentru a scurta durata fazei de contact.

Folosirea metodelor de rezistenta scazuta ar trebui, totusi, sa faciliteze acceleratiile pe care atletul le-ar putea reproduce in conditiile normale de joc. Mai mult, trebuie sa restrictionati aceste metode la atletii avansati ale caror abilitati sunt automate si care, in consecinta, pot face fata cu usurinta la accelerarile foarte puternice si rapide.

Bibliografie:

[] Prof. Anton Muraru, Centrul National de Formare si Perfectionare al Antrenorilor., Ghidul Antrenorului, nr. 1 & 2, (2004), Proxima, Bucuresti, FRF, CNEFS