Planificare – evidenta in fotbal

 

Planificare - evidenta in fotbal_1

Filozofia antrenorului:

  • Fotbalul: arta sau stiinta?
  • Risc sau prudenta?
  • Exploatarea spatiului de joc. Crearea de spatii. Acoperirea rationala. Fluiditatea.
  • Talentul antrenorului. Sa facem cel mai bun 11.
  • Constructia.
  • Viteza translatiei. Presing asupra purtatorului mingii.
  • Ritm (regulat sau pe contre).
  • Fotbalul: sport sau business.

 

Antrenorul:

  • filozofie
  • expert;
  • intuitie.

 

Alte aspecte ale conceptiei in care lucram:

  • continutul perioadelor de pregatire;
  • modelarea pregatirii in scopul perfectionarii sistemului;
  • pregatirea pentru un adversar dat;
  • sistemele de informare asupra adversarilor;
  • evaluarea evolutiilor proprii;
  • evaluarea pregatirii – antrenamentelor;
  • aportul fiecarui membru din staf

Planificare - evidenta in fotbal_2

DE CE PLANIFICARE SI EVIDENTA?

  • volumul si capacitatea gestionarii mereu in crestere;
  • permanenta nevoie de evaluare in concordanta cu interesele;
  • responsabilizarea tuturor din jurul echipei;
  • responsabilizarea si motivarea jucatorilor;
  • deciziile pe baze obiective;
  • planurile, programele, in concordanta cu situatia concreta.

 

CUM TREBUIE INTELEASA?

  • necesara, dar nu formala;
  • riguroasa dar si flexibila;
  • nevoie a antrenorului de cunoastere si informare permanenta a jucatorilor;
  • elaborata si acceptata in cooperare cu conducerea si cu ceilalti membri ai stafului tehnic;
  • intocmita sub o forma cat mai accesibila, inteligibila;
  • sa confere esentialul dar si specificul;
  • sa aiba caracter inovator.

 

INSTRUMENTELE PLANIFICARII

Programul competitional al intregului sezon:

  • programul echipei nationale;
  • programul cupelor europene;
  • programul competitiilor interne (campionat, cupa, alte competitii);
  • jocuri amicale;
  • pregatiri centralizate, turnee;
  • controale medicale, periodice sau curente;
  • testari de teren sau de laborator;
  • vacante, perioade de refacere si recuperare.

 

 

Strategia delimitarii etapelor (2-6 saptamani):

  • durata;
  • obiectivele;
  • formele de pregatire;
  • cantonament;
  • semi-cantonament;
  • conditii normale;
  • modul in care se efectueaza deplasarea;
  • metodele si mijloacele de antrenament.

 

Strategia alcatuirii ciclurilor saptamanale:

  • obiectivele ciclului saptamanal;
  • parametrii: (nr total al antrenamentelor, orele, durata, intensitatea);
  • complexitatea antrenamentului;
  • semi-cantonament, cantonament sau conditii normale;
  • precizarea problemelor organizatorico-administrative.

 

INSTRUMENTELE EVIDENTEI (FORMELE, DOCUMENTELE EVIDENTEI):

  • Evidenta competitionala (rezultatele): Internationale, Oficiale, Internationale amicale, Interne oficiale/ amicale, Turnee, Goluri marcate, Goluri primite acasa sau in deplasare, Evolutia in clasament, Evidenta pe reprize sau unitati de timp, Moduri in care s-au marcat si s-au primit golurile, Aprecierea randamentului per ansamblu, Cartonase.

 

.

Evidenta jucatorilor:

  • palmares;
  • selectionari;
  • participarea efectiva la jocuri (jocuri intregi, minute, rezerva, etc.);
  • prezenta la toate formele de pregatire;
  • accidentarile;
  • fisa medicala;
  • necesitati de pregatire.

 

CINE INTOCMESTE SI REZOLVA PROBLEMELE DE PLANIFICARE SI EVIDENTA?

  • Toti cei cuprinsi in activitatea echipei sub coordonarea antrenorului principal.

 

CUM? PRIN CE METODE?

  • Calculator, laptop, CD, DVD, kinograme, postere, grafice, planse, fise, caietul antrenorului, avize, reportofon, videocasete etc.

 

CAPITOL SPECIAL:

  • Jucatorii noi si jucatorii tineri.

 

OBSERVAREA SI INREGISTRAREA ADVERSARILOR:

URMARIREA SI INREGISTRAREA DE JUCATORI IN VEDEREA TRANSFERARII:

 

Bibliografie:

[] Curs specializare fotbal, sustinut de Prof. Dr. Viorel Cojocaru, (2013), UNEFS, Bucuresti

 

 

 

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Metode utilizate la varsta de 15-16 ani si 17-18 ani

 

Metode utilizate la varsta de 15-16 ani si 17-18 ani_1

Demonstratia folosita in cadrul antrenamentelor la varsta de 15-16 ani devine simbolica, sugestiva. Vor fi folositi demonstranti din randul sportivilor, antrenorului revenindusi sarcina de a sublinia aspectele cheie ale executiei.

Explicatia devine logica, in cadrul acesteia putand fi folosite schitele, desenul pe tabla, inregistrarile video, etc..

Exersarea va fi executata numai in conditii tactice stabilite, fiind permanent inclusa in modelul jocului si conforma desfasurarii fazei de joc.

Modelarea jocului va include scheme de joc pe cupluri si posturi in sistem.

Se va folosi studiul de caz pentru analize, atat in ceea ce priveste reusitele cat si nereusitele echipei proprii, a altor echipe sau ale adversarilor.

Observatia va fi orientata si sistematica, indreptata asupra aspectelor relevante, asupra eficientei actiunilor, in conditiile concrete ale jocului.

In cadrul dialogului si a dezbaterilor, vor fi cautate in comun solutionari ale problemelor aparute in activitate.

Expunerea antrenorului va fi dialogata si, in cadrul acesteia, vor fi prezentati viitori adversari, vor fi prezentate scheme tactice si se vor aduce la cunostinta sportivilor aspecte ale planurilor de pregatire. Se va urmari permanent constientizarea sportivilor, atat in ceea ce priveste nivelul de moment cat si posibilitati de viitor.

In cadrul testelor si probelor de control, pe langa „evaluarea clasica”, constand in transformarea rezultatelor in cifre, se va folosi inregistrarea pe banda video, care permite surprinderea unor aspecte privind maiestria tehnica si oportunitatea actiunilor tactice.

In jocurile de antrenament, se va folosi interpretarea de „roluri” de catre diferiti sportivi, „roluri” create asemanator (daca este posibil), viitorilor adversari.

La aceasta varsta, se pot folosi relaxarea Jacobson, repetarea in imaginatie si autosugestia.

In cadrul pregatirii pentru meci, pe langa aspectele mentionate anterior, va fi introdusa pregatirea pentru un anumit adversar.

La 17-18 ani, nu mai este necesara recomandarea folosirii de catre antrenor a demonstratiei, existand riscul ca sportivii sa fie mai buni executanti decat ca acesta.

Explicatia este logica iar exersarea va fi efectuata, in conditiile viitoarelor confruntari.

Modelarea va fi facuta cu adversar tematic si se va accentua rolul analizelor pre si post competitie.

Observatia va fi sistematica, indreptata spre orice aspect care ar putea aduce superioritate in meci. Vor fi folosite discutiile si dezbaterile, in care sa se realizeze un schimb de idei intre antrenor (si echipa tehnica) si sportivi. Pot fi folosite planuri de pregatire si scheme tactice.

In cadrul probelor si normelor de control, accentul va fi pus pe eficienta, accentuand rolul autotestarii si al autoverificarii sportivilor.

Jocurile pot fi si trebuie folosite in continuare, atat pentru aspectul de deconectare cat si pentru valentele compensatorii ale acestora.

Creste rolul antrenamentului mental – antrenamentul psihoton, in care se vor urmari autosugestia si gandirea pozitiva.

Bibliografie:

[] Radulescu, M., (2009), Fotbal – Tehnica – Factor prioritar, Bucuresti, Editura Razesu

The Offside Law

SOUTH AFRICA SOCCER FIFA WORLD CUP 2010

In defence or attack, knoving and using the offside law will improve your team’s performance. If a player is offside, the referee wil award an indirect  free kick to the other team from the place where the infringement occurred.

Caught offside:

To be offside, you must have fewer than two opposition players between yourself and the goal-line at the moment the ball is played to you. You must be between the goal-line and the ball and you must be inside the opposition half. The only exceptions are when your team-mate throws or passes the ball directly to you from a goal-kick, corner-kick or throw-in. In all these cases, you cannot be offside.

  • The law is designed to stop players goalhanging – seeking scoring chances by standing behind the opposition defending.
  • Learn the offside law, don’t let your ignorance prevent a goal or gift one to the opposition.
  • If the keeper is standed upfield and you only have an outfield player between you and the goal, you are still offside.

Basics – Being offside:

When  a player passes the ball up the field, the referee and his assistants check the positons of the player’s attacking team-mates relative to the opposition defence and goalkeeper.

Interfering with play:

Being in an offside position does not mean that the referee will automatically stop play. He must decide whether you are also interfering with play. To do this he imagines a zone inside which you would normally be judged as interfering. This helps him make the decision.

The offside law can seem difficult to understand, but by learning these six rules you can use the law to your advantage. Defenders can learn the offside trap and attackers can learn how to beat ft.

1.) Your position will be judged at the moment the ball is passed.

2.) If you have one opponent – or none – between you and the goal-line, you are offside. But you are onside if you have one opponent in front of you and you are level with the second to last opposing player.

3.) You can only be offside if you are in front of the ball when it is played forward.

4.) You cannot be offside directly from a throw-in, corner or goal-kick. But as soon as another of your players touches the ball the offside rule can be applied.

5.) You cannot be offside if you are inside your own half.

6.) If you are offside, the referee gives an idirect free kick to the opposition.

The offside trap is where a defender or, more often, a defensive unit acting on a signal, rush forward in order to catch an attacking player offside. Alert attackers will be on the lookout for this play.

 The Offside Law_2

The Offside Trap:

One of the most effective ways for a defence to stop an attack is by setting an offside trap. When a forward ball who is caught between the last defender and the goalkeeper is ofiside. Defenders set the trap by playing in a line across the pitch and running forward as a unit, perhaps on a signal. The tactic leaves unwary attackers offside.

Dangerous play:

The offside trap can be risky. Communication and anticipation are vital. All the defenders have to time their runs so that they move past the attackers before the ball is played. If even one defender is slow off the mark, the consequences can be disastrous. If a striker is level with the last defender, he’s onside and can run on to the pass unchallenged.

  • Anticipation is the key. At the moment the pass is struck to the attacker, all the defenders must already be ahead of him.
  • Even if you’re going to adopt an offside trap, don’t forget to defend. If you can reach the ball, clear it. That’s the safe option: the offside trap isn’t, but it’s a useful fall-back.

 

Basics – Hold your line:

The offside trap relies on speed and surprise. When a striker is poised and waiting for a pass, he will expect defenders to be goalside of him and he’ll be watching the passer, not the deffence.

It’s essential for the defence to hold the line – constantly checking their positions against each other – and step forward together at the right moment. They must move up as a unit, holding the line as they go.

 

Advanced – Beating the Offside Trap:

To beat the offside trap, attackers must have pace, awareness and timing. Moment off the ball is crucial; attackers who stand still are not only easy to mark, they also get caught offside. Players will often make diagonal runs to stay onside, then dart through to meet a pass.

 

Bibliography:

[] Bangsbo, J., Peitersen, B.,, (2002), Defensive Soccer Tactics, USA, Human Kinetics Book

[] BCSS – International Soccer School, (2011), Soccer Skills and Techniques, (In Association with the Bobby Charlton Soccer School), UK, Abbeydale Press

 

Chelsea Ladies Periodisation

 Chelsea Ladies Periodisation_1

Periodisation is a holistic, universal program that allows coaches to plan a framework in which players can be developed.

It basically amounts to 6 week plans. The idea is to know:

  • what you are going to do every 6 weeks;
  • what you are going to do every week of that 6 weeks;
  • what you are going to do every day of every week of that 6 weeks.

The purpose is to improve match performance through training. As such, training needs to be match focused and football related. No point in doing anything that is not. Time is precious. Don’t waste it!

Principles:

It is the complete way to prepare your players within a framework:

  1. It’s a gradual build over the course of a season.
  2. Focuses on Individual needs in a team context.
  3. Producing a system that allows you to pick the best 11 every game.
  4. Prevents the accumulation of fatigue & keeps players fresh.
  5. Do everything within a football context. No need to isolate.

Football is not an endurance sport, but an intensity one!” Because of this, we should be looking to:

  • Manage training loads between games for optimum recovery and preparation.
  • Increase the intensity of every session rather than increasing the volume of sessions.
  • It is better to have 4 session at 100% than 6 at 80%.
  • Train with shorter recoveries between actions so that players can withstand the workload during games.

Football training is the best conditioning!”

Periodisation concentrates on the details. Details are key to the success of periodisation. Training sessions should be all about football exercises. Everything should be about preparing players for a game. Look to develop them physically in the way that you want them to play. Have them play in their positions within practice. Set the formations. Set the positions. Play the game. Make sure the coaches know what you want! (DETAILS)

Workloads and Intensity Levels:

  • 3 vs 3 / 4 vs 4 – 1 minute games;
  • 5 vs 5 / 6 vs 6 / 7 vs 7 – 4 minute games;
  • 8 vs 8 / 9 vs 9 / 10 vs 10 – 10 minute games.

All training games should be played at 100% intensity. By doing this, and playing small sided games, you’ll increase the number of actions within a game and therefore begin to aid recovery rates. “The coach controls the volume (in terms of repetition), the player controls how hard they work“.

Chelsea SSG Rules:

  • Always play offside
  • Sinbin for any square passes
  • 1 touch if playing backward
  • When you have no pressure, you must turn to play forward
  • When you intend to play forward, you must take a forward touch
  • Create artificial turnovers for slow decision making (blow a whistle)
  • Reward Coaching (switch teams for player doing well, 3 goals for wing play etc)

Training Session Inclusions:

  • Training needs to be a passion for players, not a punishment. Create an environment where they want to come back for more
  • Training must have competition or targets (defenders, or time limit)
  • Incorporate play within your training sessions
  • Develop players in their positions
  • Have the session reflect the things you believe are important. It must reflect your way of playing. If you want a team to play high pressure, you must train for this
  • Make sure everything is gradual. Build toward a goal over the course of a 6 week block, and season

We are always looking for quality within our sessions and not the quantity of them. We are always going 100%“.

Player Attitudes:

  • Players are expected to work as a group
  • Players should speak of improving the game at all times
  • Players must develop habits. Decision making and general play is improved when players have good habits that can be called upon under pressure. Training in game situations will develop those habits
  • Players must report injuries early. Muscle injuries are the fault of the coaching staff? Create an environment where injuries are reported, and reported early.

There is an intentional focus within the Chelsea Ladies program. In order to build on that intentional focus, they are using the concept of specificity.

Principles within the Game:

Defensive:

  • Change your attitude as soon as you lose the ball
  • Press high and as early as possible
  • Cut out the long ball from the opposing team
  • Get narrow and compact to defend

Attacking:

  • Dominate the ball
  • Look to connect with short passes
  • Create space and give depth on the field
  • Score goals

These are Chelsea’s principles. Every coach and player is aware of them! Make sure your players know yours!!!